Glossary Pinanson

/Glossary Pinanson
Glossary Pinanson2018-11-19T13:44:09+00:00
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  • 3

  • 3G-SDI
    3G-Serial Digital Interface. Digital video format of 3 Gbps
  • 1

  • 100BASE-T
    Specification for a 100 Mb/s. CAT 5 cable.
  • 1000BASE-BX10
    Specification for a 1000 Mb/s point-to-point link over one single-mode optical fiber.
  • 1000BASE-LX10
    1000 Mb/s point-to-point link over two single-mode or multimode optical fibers.
  • 1000BASE-PX10
    Specification for a 1000 Mb/s point to multipoint link over one single-mode optical fiber
  • 1000BASE-PX20
    Specification for a 1000 Mb/s point to multipoint link over one single-mode optical fiber with a reach of up to 20 Km.
  • 1000BASE-T
    Specification for a 1000 Mb/s CSMA/CD local area network using four pairs of Category 5 balanced copper cabling.
  • a

  • ADDER
    It combines two channels into one channel.
  • AES 3 Signal
    Professional digital audio signal commonly known as AES/EBU.
  • AES 3id
    AES3 (digital audio) transmitted over unbalanced coaxial cable.
  • AES/EBU
    Commonly called to digital audio signal which is defined by AES3 standard.
  • AUDIO PRESS SPLITTER
    Audio Splitter for line level and its distribution in Press rooms.
  • AUDIO SPLITTER
    Device capable of distributing an audio input signal into several output signals (from 2 to 32 or more)
  • b

  • BALANCED CONNECTORS
    Connectors are prepared to work with Balanced Signal.
  • BALANCED SIGNAL
    A signal composed of Positive Signal (+), Return Signal (-) and Ground (Shield).
  • BALANCER
    Device to transform unbalanced signal into balanced signal.
  • BANTAM
    This connector is intended for audio broadcast and similar professional use. 4.4 mm
  • c

  • CABLING ACRONYMS
     
  • CAT.5
    100 BASET, 100 Mbps, 100 MHz
  • CAT.5E
    1000 BASET, 250 Mbps, 100 MHz
  • CAT.6
    1000 BASET, 1000 Mbps, 250 MHz.
  • CAT.6A
    10GBASET, 10 Gbps, 500 MHz.
  • CAT.7
    600 MHz
  • Category 5
    100 BASET, 100 Mbps, 100 MHz
  • CHROMINANCE
    The chrominance signal (represented by C) contains color information of an image.
  • CMRR
    Parameter that indicates the capacity of a device for rejecting common mode (noise).
  • COAXIAL CABLE
    A coaxial cable design is a structure in which the conductor is centered within another. Every part of the cable is on the same axis (they are coaxial). They are used for high frequency signals, as video signals.
  • COMPONENT VIDEO
    This type of signal completely separates color signals Red, Green, Blue and Sync resulting in a better definition for each color channel.
  • COMPOSITE VIDEO
    It is the signal which combines the chrominance (C) and luminance(Y) along with a sync signal into one cable
  • d

  • DANTE PROTOCOL
    Dante is a proprietary Network Layer audio transportation protocol developed by Audinate.
  • dB
    The Decibel is a logarithmic relationship between two numbers.
  • dBm
    A power measurement which is referenced to 1 mW.
  • dBSPL
    It is a measure init of acoustic sound pressure.
  • dBu
    A voltage measurement referenced to 0.775 V.
  • dBV
    A voltage measurement which is referenced to 1 V.
  • dBW
    A power measurement lik the dBm but referenced to 1 W.
  • DECIBEL
    The decibel (dB) is a logarithmic ratio between two numbers, it compares a value with other reference value.
  • DIGI RACK
    The Pinanson Digi Rack Box is an interface (creation of the brand) where all the audio signals from the stage converge to the Stage Box of a digital console.
  • DURABILITY
    The ability of a product to continue operating properly without revision over time maintaining their physical and functional characteristics.
  • e

  • EMBEDDED AUDIO
    When we talk about embedded audio in a SDI video signal, we refer to the digital audio that is included in the frame of the digital video signal SDI.
  • EXTRUDED ALUMINIUM
    The aluminium extrusion is mold the aluminium in a particular form and obtain the required aluminium profile. Thus, a SINGLE PIECE with size and shape required is obtained.
  • f

  • FARADAY SHIELD
    Faraday Shield between the windings eliminates interwinding capacitances which are very undesirable for some applications.
  • F/FTP
    Cable with overall and each pair aluminium foil shield.
  • FR
    FR has several meanins like Flame Retardant, Fire Retardant or Fire Resistant.
  • FREQUENCY RESPONSE
    This measurement indicates output level of a device which is stimulated with different frequencies (in audio signal from 20Hz up to 20.000 Hz) at a determinate input level.
  • FTP
    Foilded Twisted Par. Aluminium foil shield.
  • F/UTP
    Cable with overall aluminium foil shield. Twisted pair without individual shield.
  • g

  • GROUND LOOPS
    The ground potential between one rack and another, or between one point in a building and another, may be different. When two points are connected that do have a potential difference, this causes a ground loop.
  • h

  • HD-SDI
    High Definition - Serial Digital Interface: Video Signal with standard definition according to SMPTE 292M.
  • i

  • IMD
    Intermodulation Distortion: es un test para analizar la distorsión mezcla señales de 60 Hz y 7KHz con una relación de amplitud de 4:1.
  • IMPEDANCE MATCHING
    It refers to an impedance matching to optimize an audio system, making output impedance of one driver much lower than the input impedance of receiver.
  • IP65
    IP65: no entry of dust and against jetting water in all directions on the envelope.
  • IP66
    IP66: dust tight and protected against powerfully jetting water
  • j

  • JACK B-GAUGE
    This connector is intended for audio broadcast and similar professional use. It is used with balanced signal and its diameter is ¼’’ or 6.3 mm.
  • JACK TRS 1/4''
    It is a connector for use in general audio application and for balanced signals. 6.3 mm.
  • JACK TS 1/4''
    This connector is for use in general audio application. It is used with unbalanced signal and its diameter is 6.3 mm.
  • l

  • LINE LEVEL
    Professional equipments = +4 dBu. Consumer equipment: -10 dBV
  • LINE SPLITTER
    A Line Splitter is an Audio Splitter for line signal.
  • LSOH
    These initials indicate LOW SMOKE + O (Zero) HALOGENS.
  • LSZH
    These initials indicate LOW SMOKE + ZERO HALOGENS.
  • LUMINANCE
    The luminance signal (represented by Y) is black or white or any gray value of an image.
  • m

  • MICROPHONE LEVEL
    Very low audio level which can be up to -60 dBu = 0.0007 V RMS
  • MICROPHONE LEVEL SPLITTER
    Audio Splitter for distribution of one microphone signal into several identical outputs. They avoid ground loops and damages from Phantom power.
  • Mini JACK TRS
    This connector is for use in general audio application for balanced signal. 3.5 mm. Also used as headphone output in smartphones or tablets (unbalanced and stereo connection).
  • MONO SIGNAL
    A Mono or Monophonic signal is an audio single signal of one channel.
  • MULTIMODE FIBRE
    In multimode fibre the core diameter is big (50 um - 300 um) therefore can travel more light rays. Some of the signal goes straight down the fiber while the rest of the signal bounces off the cladding. This makes for signal dispersion, which limits the bandwidth. This fibre has high(...)
  • n

  • NETWORKED AUDIO
    Networked audio is the real-time distribution of uncompressed digital audio signals through Ethernet networks.
  • p

  • PASSIVE AUDIO SPLITTER
    Audio splitter which performs the distribution of signal through transformers with no power supply
  • r

  • RETURN LOSS
    RL is a measure of the reflected energy from a transmitted signal and is expressed in “dB”, the higher the value, the better.
  • RGB SIGNAL
    The RGB signal is a video signal representing the color Red- Green- Blue , the primary colors of television.
  • RoHS
    Restriction of the use of certain Hazardous Substances
  • s

  • SD-SDI
    Standard Definition - Serial Digital Interface: Video Signal with standard definition according to SMPTE 259M.
  • SEÑAL S-VIDEO
    S-video requires dual coaxial cable to allow separate transmission of the luminance (Y) and the chrominance (C).
  • SF/UTP
    Cable with double overall shield.
  • SHIELDING
    Cable shielding and pair twisting ensures the integrity of the audio and video signal against possible EMI and RFI around the cable.
  • SINGLE-MODE FIBRE
    In single-mode fibre is as a straight shot: the light path is small in diameter (8-10 um), which makes the signal path mostly straight. It used for long distances and high bandwidth.
  • SMPTE 259M
    SMPTE video standard for SD-SDI signal.
  • SMPTE 292M
    SMPTE video standard for HD-SDI signal.
  • SMPTE 304
    It is a standard which define a type of connector for use in the connection between the camera and the CCU for Broadcasting and high definition professional video combining electrical and optical signals (copper and fiber).
  • SMPTE 424M
    SMPTE video standard for 3D-SDI signal.
  • SNR
    Signal-to-noise ratio: is to make a relationship between valid audio and the noise in a signal.
  • S/PDIF
    Sony/Philips Digital Interface: digital audio format for consumer equipments. Impedance 75 ohm.
  • SPLITTER AUDIO ACTIVO
    It is an Audio Splitter which operates through electronic circuit so that it can provide amplified outputs if it is required.
  • STEREO SIGNAL
    Audio signal composed of two different audio channels: Left (L) and Right (R).
  • STP
    Shielded Twisted Pair. Copper braid shield.
  • STRUCTURED CABLING
    Cable of 4 twisted pairs (shielded or unshielded) for LAN or Audiovisual applications. They are classified in CAT 5, CAT 5e, CAT 6, CAT 6A... and depending on the its shielding: UTP, FTP, F/UTP, F/FTP, SF/UTP...
  • t

  • THD
    Third Harmonic Distortion: when the harmonic distortion of a device is tested, the appearance of new frequencies that have been added to the original frequency to be transmitted by a device is measured.
  • TRIAXIAL CABLE
    Video triaxial cable is used to interconnect professional video cameras to their related equipment.
  • TWISTED PAIR CABLE
    A twisted pair cable comprises two joined insulated conductors forming a twist. These cables can drive balanced lines. A balanced cable (see balanced signal) is a configuration of two electrically identical conductors.
  • u

  • UNBALANCED CONNECTORS
    Connectors are prepared to work with unbalanced signal.
  • UNBALANCED SIGNAL
    A signal composed of Positive Signal (+), Return Signal + Ground (Shield).
  • UTP
    Unshielded Twisted Pair
  • x

  • XLR-3
    XLR connector is a balanced connector for audio signal with 3 pins: Positive Signal, Return Signal and ground.